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Hormone imbalance: causes, symptoms, and treatment

 What is a hormonal imbalance? What does imbalance in our body mean? What are the symptoms we feel? And how do we treat it? Here's your guide to hormone imbalance.

Hormones affect our body with the majority of its organs and systems, and any imbalance in the extent of hormone balance in our body will lead to consequences and symptoms that we feel. Here is everything you need to know about hormone imbalance or hormonal imbalance:

Hormone imbalance
Hormone imbalance: causes, symptoms, and treatment

What is a hormonal imbalance?

Hormones are chemical messengers in our body. They are produced in the endocrine glands and transmitted with the bloodstream to tissues and organs to inform them of their functions. They help the body to control and regulate its main processes, such as metabolism and reproductive functions, for example.
Hormone imbalance or hormonal imbalance occurs when the body increases or decreases the production of a certain hormone, while no matter how small the difference is in terms of the amount of hormone production required, it may have a great effect on the body, and it is worth noting that hormone levels fluctuate in our body all the time during our lives according to stages our growth.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance

Hormones play an essential role in our health in general, and affect many organs and systems in the body, so the symptoms of hormonal imbalance vary greatly, as the imbalance of hormones occurs in children in the stages of development towards puberty, and it can also occur in more advanced stages of human life. Here are the symptoms of a hormonal imbalance:

1. Common symptoms in men and women

Some symptoms affect both men and women, and they are many, as we said previously:
  • overweight.
  • Fatigue and extreme tiredness.
  • Excessive sensitivity to cold or heat.
  • Constipation, or frequent bowel movements.
  • Dryness of the skin.
  • swelling of the face
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • muscle weakness
  • frequent urination.
  • Constant thirst.
  • Pain and stiffness in the joints.
  • Hair thinning and brittleness.
  • Constant hunger.
  • depression.
  • Decreased sexual desire.
  • Nervousness, anxiety and irritability.
  • Sweating.
  • Difficulties seeing clearly.
  • infertility.

2. Symptoms in women

The natural hormones of women change during the different stages of their lives, and thus they become vulnerable to the risk of hormonal imbalance, and the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women are as follows:
  • Irregular menstrual cycles, stopping or recurring periods.
  • Excess hair in areas on the face, chin, or other areas of the body.
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing it.
  • skin tags.
  • Vaginal dryness.
  • vaginal atrophy
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Blackening and darkening of the skin.

3. Symptoms in men

Symptoms that affect men, which usually result from a decrease in testosterone production, are as follows:
  • development of breast tissue.
  • Breast softness
  • erectile dysfunction
  • loss of muscle mass
  • Decreased growth of beard and body hair.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • hot flashes

3. Symptoms in boys

At puberty, the bodies of girls and boys begin to produce sex hormones and growth hormones. However, some suffer from insufficiency in the functioning of the gonads, which leads to different symptoms in both boys and girls:

Symptoms in boys

Symptoms in boys are related to insufficient growth of the male organs, and are as follows:
  • Muscle mass does not develop.
  • The sound does not deepen.
  • Body hair does not grow as it should.
  • Poor growth of the penis and testicles.
  • Excessive growth of the trunk and stature of the body, arms and legs.
  • Breast tissue development.

symptoms in girls

In girls, the symptoms of improper puberty caused by an imbalance of hormones are as follows:
  • Menstrual cycle not starting.
  • Breast tissue does not develop.
  • The growth rate does not increase.

Reasons for hormonal imbalance

The causes vary with the variety of affected glands and symptoms. Here is a list of the most common causes of hormonal imbalance:

1. General reasons

Which consists of the following:
  • diabetic.
  • Thyroid diseases such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
  • Hypogonadism.
  • Cushing's syndrome.
  • Excessive thyroid nodules.
  • Hormone therapy.
  • Tumors, benign or cancerous.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Medications affecting hormones.
  • Stress.
  • Pituitary tumor.
  • Cancer treatments.
  • Injury from an accident or trauma as a result.

2. Reasons pertaining to women

Some of the causes of hormonal imbalance are limited to women only:
  • menopause.
  • pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Early menopause.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency.
  • Hormonal medications such as birth control pills.

Diagnosis of hormonal imbalance

Since the state of hormonal imbalance would stem from many and varied causes, this leads to a variety of ways to diagnose it, so there are several examinations that the doctor may ask you to conduct.

When you go to the doctor, you must provide him with a list of the names of the medicines, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that you use, and be prepared to answer a set of questions related to your symptoms. Depending on your answers, the doctor will determine which tests and diagnoses you need and direct you accordingly to conduct them.

1. Blood test

It usually starts with a blood test, as a blood test helps detect most hormones and their levels in the blood. Through this test, the doctor studies the level of functioning of the thyroid gland, estrogen, testosterone, and cortisol.

2. Inspection of the pelvis

If you are a male, your doctor may look at your scrotum to check for the presence of follicles. If you are a female, your doctor may look at your cervix to check for any unusual fibroids, cysts, masses, and tumors.

3. Ultrasound

Ultrasound examination is usually used to draw an image of the organs inside the body, so the doctor may order this examination to obtain a better picture of the status of the uterus, ovaries, or testicles, and to ensure the extent of the functioning of the thyroid and pituitary glands.

Depending on some of the previous examinations, the doctor may ask you to conduct some of the following examinations:
  • biopsy.
  • MRI.
  • X-ray imaging.
  • Thyroid scan.
  • sperm count

Treatment of hormonal imbalance

Depending on the diagnosis you get from your doctor, he may prescribe the following treatments for a hormonal imbalance:

1. Estrogen

If you're experiencing uncomfortable symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, your doctor may prescribe low-dose estrogens.

2. Vaginal estrogen

If your symptoms include vaginal dryness or pain during sex, your doctor may prescribe an estrogen ointment or ring.

3. Birth control

If you intend to become pregnant, you can use hormonal birth control treatments to regulate menstrual cycles, and these types of methods of monitoring and contraception include:
  • Contraceptive pills.
  • Contraceptive patch.
  • contraceptive injection
  • vaginal ring.
  • IUD.
  • Antiandrogen drugs.
Androgen is a male sex hormone present in both men and women with different efficacy, and some women may resort to inhibiting the activity of this hormone in them, in order to put an end to:
  • hair loss
  • Facial hair growth.
  • Stop acne.

4. Testosterone

This treatment aims to reduce the symptoms of low testosterone levels in men, especially in adolescents, as it stimulates the onset of puberty for those who are late.

5. Parathyroid hormone

People who suffer from hypothyroidism need to consume the hormone as an external treatment, in order to restore the balance of the hormone in their body.

6. Flibanserin

This treatment fights low libido in premenopausal and postmenopausal women, and this treatment also has some serious side effects, so consult your doctor and ask him before adopting it.

7. Elfornithine

This treatment is a topical ointment applied to the facial skin of women who suffer from excessive hair growth, and the treatment slows the growth of new hair, but does not remove the existing hair.

Prevention of hormonal imbalance

There are many nutritional supplements on the market that claim to treat menopausal symptoms and hormone imbalances. Some contain plant-derived hormones, sometimes called biohormones. Because they are similar to the body's natural hormones, but none of these products have proven their real effect on what they claim.

Some assert that practicing yoga has contributed to treating the symptoms of hormonal imbalance, and yoga is an excellent sport for your structure, flexibility, and balance, and it will help you lose weight, which really helps regulate hormones, and you can also make changes to your lifestyle that will help regulate hormones, It is as follows:

  • Losing weight, a man losing 10% of his weight would improve his erection process, while in a woman it might make her menstrual periods more regular.
  • Eating a healthy diet is very important for the general health of your body.
  • Treating symptoms of excessive hair growth by removing hair using special creams, lasers and other methods.
  • Reducing vaginal pain by using sexual lubricants, oils and moisturizers free of parabens, glycerine and petroleum.

That's it for this tutorial! I hope it gets your attention and admiration
If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below 👇
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